Nice Jotwell review of former Petrie-Flom Fellows’ article “Does Agency Funding Affect Decisionmaking?: An Empirical Assessment of the PTO’s Granting Patterns”

Over at Jotwell, Michael Carroll (American) has a very nice review of a new paper that is a collaboration between two of our former fellows at the Petrie-Flom Center, Michael Frakes (Cornell) and Melissa Wasserman (Illinois).

Their article is Does Agency Funding Affect Decisionmaking?: An Empirical Assessment of the PTO’s Granting Patterns, 66 Vand. L. Rev. (forthcoming, 2013).

Here is the abstract of that paper:

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Upcoming Event – Open Acccess to Health Research: Future Directions for the NIH Public Access Policy

Wednesday, October 24, 2012
12:00-1:30pm
Wasserstein Hall 3019
Harvard Law School

In 2008, the NIH Public Access Policy entered into force, requiring “that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication.”  Four years later, about 25% of NIH-funded manuscripts are not being made publicly accessible.  This not only limits important progress in health research and clinical practice, but also means that academic institutions must rely on highly expensive journal subscriptions to access tax-funded research. Importantly, Harvard’s Open Access Mandate has not yet been extended to Harvard Medical School or the Harvard School of Public Health. In May, the Harvard Library Faculty Advisory Council issued a public letter calling on faculty to promote open access scholarly publishing, noting that “Many large journal publishers have made the scholarly communication environment fiscally unsustainable and academically restrictive.”

In recognition of Open Access Week 2012, four distinguished panelists will explore the challenges and opportunities for increasing NIH Public Access Policy compliance and open access efforts at Harvard.

The panel will be moderated by Scott LapinskiHMS Digital Resources and Services Librarian and Open Access Liaison, and June Casey, Librarian for Open Access and Scholarly Communication.  It will be followed by two brief “101” sessions on individual-level implementation of both the NIH’s Public Access and Harvard’s Open Access mandates.

Co-sponsored by the Petrie-Flom CenterOffice of Scholarly CommunicationsRight to Research CoalitionUniversities Allied for Essential Medicines, and HLS Advocates for Human Rights.

Petrie-Flom Interns’ Weekly Round-up: October 6 – October 12

By Kathy Wang and Hyeongsu Park
  • Despite protests, Rhode Island instituted a mandate for flu shots for all healthcare workers. This includes doctors, nurses, other employees, and volunteers at hospitals, nursing homes, and health-related organizations.
  • Earlier this week, the FDA announced it would be taking action against thousands of illegal Internet pharmacies. This initiative is targeted towards protecting consumers from potentially unapproved, dangerous drugs or medical products.
  • British pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline released its findings on data for drug trials while also pledging to devote more resources towards the discovery of new medicines. This move towards transparency and collaboration is thought to be a response to critics suspicious of secretive pharmaceutical practices.
  • In the midst of a recent meningitis outbreak spread from the use of medical steroids that have left over 130 sickened, lawmakers have calling for increased regulation of the pharmacy industry. Despite this, pharmacies have resisted and argued that regulation will only worsen the industry.
  • After a US government advisory panel in January suggested that research using deliberately modified strands of the bird flu could possibly endanger the public, most research was halted. However, 9 months after this moratorium, the debate continues.
  • On Thursday, the Journal of the American Medical Association published on online guide to the major health care and health policy issues that are shaping discourse in the 2012 election. Included are diagrams and tables representing voter demographics, political views, and economic implications of the different policies.
  • When two stem-cell scientists were announced to share the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine this week, some began to question the ethical implications of this award. A Bioedge article probes some of these concerns and finds the scientists should be also honored with a “Nobel Prize for Ethics” for their upstanding handling of contentious bioethical issues.

**And a few more from the editors:

Attention Disorder or Not, Pills to Help in School

This Election, a Stark Choice in Health Care

Pepsi and Coke to Post Calories of Drinks Sold in Vending Machines

Before a Wave of Meningitis, Shots Were Tied to Risks

Oakland Sues U.S. to Prevent Closing of Marijuana Dispensary

Suit Is Filed Over Move to Regulate Circumcision

Redefining Medicine With Apps and iPads

The Ups and Downs of Electronic Medical Records

Petrie-Flom Interns’ Weekly Round-up: September 29 – October 5

By Hyeongsu Park and Kathy Wang

  • On October 1, under the Affordable Care Act, Medicare started fining hospitals that have too many patients readmitted within 30 days of their discharge because of complications. A Seattle Times article covers this news.
  • On September 28, the Food and Drug Administration launched a national campaign, called BeSafeRx, to alert the public to the danger of internet pharmacies. A USA Today article reports the news in detail.
  • The Montana Supreme Court held that state restrictions on medical marijuana access and sales do not violate patients’ rights to pursue health care under the state constitution, reversing a district court opinion that blocked enforcement of new regulations on medical marijuana.
  • Ethics & Health Law News introduces Nicolas Terry‘s article about the threats to health privacy posed by recent development in data collection and processing. Terry suggests incremental revision the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) to regulate the collection and processing of health data. The article can be found here.
  • On September 25, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that parents whose children are harmed or killed by allegedly defective vaccines can’t sue the manufacturers for damages and must instead accept no-fault compensation from a national tribunal for vaccination injuries, upholding the dismissal of a suit brought by a couple whose baby son died after an immunization shot. A San Francisco Chronicle article about the news can be found here.
  • Last week, a national anti-tax activist Grover Norquist, in a letter to Georgia legislators, requested that they drop the hospital fee that raises money for the state’s Medicaid program. Norquist’s letter ignited a heated discussion over Georgia’s hospital tax. A Kaiser Health News article introduces the story.
  • According to a survey at the University of Calgary in Canada, 45 percent of respondents said that money is an acceptable incentive for organ donations from living donors, and 70 percent of them responded that cash is an acceptable enticement for people to donate their organs after death. Dr. Manns, a researcher on the survey, suggests the need to consider a system that compensates organ donors. A detailed story about the survey can be found here.

TOMORROW: Glenn Cohen on Action Speaks! Diamond v. Chakrabarty

Tomorrow, Wednesday, October 3 at 5:30 pm, Bill of Health co-editor I. Glenn Cohen will participate in a live national broadcast on Actionspeaksradio.org regarding Diamond v. Chakrabarty, the 1980 case that first established the right to patent life.

For information on how to listen or attend the recording live in Providence, RI, click here. And for some background from Glenn on the case and current issues, click here and here.

Petrie-Flom Interns’ Weekly Round-up: September 16-28

[Ed. Note: We have a few weekly round-ups available here at Bill of Health (from Yale’s Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, and from Nic Terry‘s list of what’s worth reading each week), but we’ll give you one more from our Petrie-Flom interns for good measure.  And this week – a bonus!  A two-week round-up…]

By Hyeongsu Park and Kathy Wang

  • On Thursday, September 20, the Appellate Court of Illinois ruled that pharmacists can refuse to dispense emergency contraceptives because of religious beliefs. The court’s opinion can be found here. (And Nadia Sawicki’s post here.)
  • An article published on guardian.co.uk introduces Ben Goldacre’s book Bad Pharma: How drug companies mislead doctors and harm patients. The book describes how drug manufacturers do not disclose full information about the drugs they produce to doctors and patients, resulting in potential harms to patients.
  • The Inter-American Court of Human Rights will decide within the next few months whether Costa Rica, the only country that forbids in vitro fertilization, has infringed basic rights with its ban.
  • Two Swedish women have donated their wombs to their daughters hoping that the daughters will be able to bear children. These are the world’s first mother-to-daughter uterus transplants.
  • A BioEdge blog introduces Tom Koch’s book Thieves of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine. The book unsparingly attacks the entire discipline of bioethics and questions its raison d’etre.
  • A recent Congress-mandated report by the National Research Council voiced concerns over the implications of a growing, aging population on the economy and federal policy. The Council and corresponding experts expressed their doubts over the sustainability of programs such as Medicare, Social Security, and Medicaid and urged for policy makers to find alternatives to these programs.

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HLS Health Law Policy Workshop – Professor Nick Bagley on Physician Bureaucrats: Why Medicare Reform Hasn’t Worked

The Petrie-Flom Center at Harvard Law School is pleased to announce this year’s Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics Workshop. We’re delighted again to welcome a stellar lineup of leading researchers and opinion-makers in fields at the intersection of health and law.  Professors Einer Elhauge and Glenn Cohen lead the 2012-13 workshop series.

The workshop’s next presenter is Nick Bagley, Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School.  He will be presenting his paper, “Physician Bureaucrats: Why Medicare Reform Hasn’t Worked,” on Monday, September 24th.  A PDF of the paper is available here.

Workshops are held on selected Monday evenings, from 5-7 pm in Hauser Hall, room 105.  The schedule for Fall 2012 can be found below.  Workshops are open to the public and copies of papers will generally be posted a week in advance on the Petrie-Flom Website: http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/petrie-flom/workshop/index.html.