By Gali Katznelson
Until February 2016, medical assistance in dying (MAID) in Canada, which encompasses both euthanasia and physician assisted suicide, was prohibited under the criminal code as a form of homicide. This ruling was challenged in Carter v Canada in the Supreme Court and overturned on the grounds that the ruling opposed the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In June 2016, MAID became legal in Canada under Bill C-14.
Under this law, a person may receive medical assistance in dying if they meet all of the following criteria:
- They are eligible for health services funded by a government in Canada
- They have a grievous and irremediable medical condition. This includes an irreversible state of decline that causes intolerable suffering that cannot be relieved, with a reasonably foreseeable natural death
- They have made a voluntary request for medical assistance in dying that was not made as a result of external pressure
- They give informed consent to receive medical assistance in dying after having been informed of other means that are available to relieve their suffering, including palliative care
- They are at least 18 years of age and capable of making decisions with respect to their health